Interventional radiology is a newly developed sub-specialty that provides minimal surgical procedures under imaging guidance (angiography, computed tomography or ultrasonography), without open surgery or operating room.
Interventional radiology allows treatments with a low risk and a much shorter hospital stay for the patients than with conventional methods. The techniques used offer new treatment options for several types of conditions such as:
- diseases of the arteries: obliterating arteriopathy, stenosis – produced by arterial narrowing, caused mainly by atherosclerosis;
- primary (hepatocellular carcinoma) or secondary (metastatic) liver tumors;
- cerebral aneurysms – weakened areas of the arterial wall, which lead to its widening and weakening, with a risk of rupture;
- intracerebral vascular malformations – various abnormalities of the vessels in the brain and the relationships between them
The diseases that can be evaluated and treated by interventional radiology include: coronary heart disease (angina pectoris, acute or recent myocardial infarction), valvulopathies (aortic stenosis, mitral regurgitation), aortic vascular disorders (aortic aneurysm, aortic dissection), severe vascular damage to the cerebral circulatory system (stroke, arteriovenous malformations, cerebral aneurysm), cardiac arrhythmias (atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter and others), peripheral arteriopathy, malignant tumors with liver metastasis, angiodysplasia, digestive disorders.
Given the continuous progress of technology and imaging, new therapeutic options are constantly proving their benefits for various diseases. Ask an interventional radiologist near me who specializes in interventional radiology if there are such minimally invasive options for the treatment you need.