When a man reaches about 25 years of age, the prostate begins to grow. This natural increase is known as benign prostatic hyperplasia. 50-60% of men will experience no problem, while the rest may suffer from urination difficulties with a significant impact on their life. BPH is benign, but although it does not lead to prostate cancer, the two problems may coexist.
The condition becomes more common in aging people (50 years+). Although the exact cause of an enlarged prostate is not known, it could be related to changes caused by certain hormones, especially testosterone.
How do you recognize benign prostatic hypertrophy?
As the prostate grows, it gradually compresses the urethra and blocks urine flow, making it difficult to eliminate urine. Specifically, when a man with BPH urinates, the bladder does not empty completely, increasing the risk of urinary stones and urinary tract infections.
About 40% of men with an enlarged prostate have one of the following symptoms:
- Weak, interrupted or hesitant urine flow
- More frequent urination, especially at night
- Strong need to urinate, because the bladder is not completely evacuated
The urologist at the endovascular clinic will recommend a treatment depending on the size of the prostate, the severity of symptoms and complications – urinary tract infections, impaired kidney function, the presence of blood in the urine, kidney stones etc.